UPDATE: 24 October 2022 – Bring Skillie Home

Progress has been slow, but steady. We have at last received the enabling document for the exhumation from the Angolan Ministerial Task Team, instituted by President Joao Lorenco in Luanda. The last task is to obtain a letter of safe passage from the Governor of Hulia Provence within which Cassinga falls.

This has been slow in coming because the recent national elections in Angola delayed the appointment of the governor and also prevented our teams in Angola from getting a formal appointment with the Governor.

We have been promised that this meeting will take place within the next few days.

Depending on any requirements of the Governor, we have a number of options which we have planned for.

Firstly: A small party may fly to Lubango by Angolan Airlines to meet with the governor and then proceed by road to Cassinga and meet up with the ground party to complete the exhumation.

Secondly: There is a possibility for an airborne party comprising a Cadaver Dog, undertakers and cameraman meeting the ground party at Cassinga and flying the remains back to SA. This option is dependent on sufficient funds becoming available because the cost is way above the amount we have already accumulated for the project.

Thirdly: We may revert to the original plan to do the whole exercise by overland road trip from SA to Cassinga.

While progress has been slow, we knew from the beginning of the project six years ago that this would be the case.

General Opperman warned that it would be a long-term mission. His Ebo project had taken 13 years from start to finish.

I thank you all for you patience and continued support.

We are almost there.

Mike McWilliams

UPDATE: 27 August 2022 – Bring Skillie Home
Project progress:
The PVO has received written confirmation from the Angolan government:
– confirming free movement to the PVO project team in Angola,
– providing approval to excavate the grave site identified by a local resident,
– requesting that the PVO:
• inform Hulia province officials of the governmental approval,
• agree on the date for a party to go to Cassinga.

Given current Angolan elections in progress, finalisation of the date may be delayed.

Project funds:
The funds donated to the project remain under PVO management and are included in the annual audit process to be concluded by the end of October 2022.

Bring Skillie Home

Missing in Action

Andries “Skillie” Human was last seen alive exiting the side-door of a Hercules aircraft at 500ft over the fortified military base Cassinga, 150kms over the border into Angola on May 4 , 1978.

Skillie was only found to be Missing in Action that evening when the Parabats returned to base in SWA.

Speculation that he had landed in the Culonga River which ran alongside the camp was the most probable cause of his disappearance.

Over the years, every tour group that visited the battlefields of Angola was asked to make enquiry as to Skillie’s whereabouts.

In 2011 a rumor spread that Skillie had been found and buried by a local tribesman and this spurred the Parabat Veterans Organization (PVO) to plan a trip to search for the grave. Detailed estimates of Skillie’s landing site were made taking into account the aircraft run-in speed and the location of the landing positions of his stick. The expedition anticipated using Below-Ground Radar and metal detectors to sweep the banks of the river.


While planning proceeded, a windfall came our way. A Namibian Historian visited Cassinga and also made enquiries about Skillie. The historian was taken to a nearby village where he met the man who had actually found Skillies body and buried him.

Skillie had indeed fallen into the river and drowned. A few days after the battle , his body floated to the surface and was retrieved by the headman and buried in a waist-deep grave next to the river. The old man took the historian to the grave site and showed him the indentation in the ground where the body lay.

A detailed GPS reading was taken at the site and photographs.

The grave site is in fact within 100m of the estimated landing area established by dead reconing.

The plans for the expedition were immediately put into high gear and the Ebo Trust was contacted to help with the governmental interaction . The Trust had previously brought three SADF bodies back from Ebo near Luanda and had experience in this kind of project.

Fund Raising

General Opperman of the Ebo Trust estimated that a sum of R350 000 would be needed to launch a successful expedition. This was based on the amount used to execute the retrieval of the Ebo remains.

The PVO launched a multi-function fund raising effort in October 2016 and now, just over a year later, we have about R120 000 in the bank.

Strange Bedfellows

During the fundraising effort, Mike McWilliams of the PVO was approached by Eeben Barlow, the founder of Executive Outcomes, the famous private security force. Eeben told of a friend of his, an MK soldier who had retrieved remains of dead ANC cadres from Angolan camps. This man had close relationships with both the SA and Angolan governments and was willing to help with the Skillie project.

One of the great difficulties the EBO Trust encountered while in Angola was a lack of cooperation with most government bodies there. This cause big delays and made things more expensive than what they should have been and the PVO was very keen to try to establish a better relationship with the Angolan government.

Another soldier MIA

The Angolan Ambassador to Sa was contacted and asked to help in smoothing the path of the expedition.

She was very happy to do so, and asked whether we could help her in turn. Naturally, the PVO offered any help she may need.

A woman in her embassy in Pretoria was the wife of a FAPLA Captain, Jeonimo, who had gone MIA in 1981 during action against the SADF. Naturally, everyone was keen to find out what had happened to him. The Angolans believed he had been taken prisoner, but had never been repatriated at the end of hostilities.

Despite government to government  enquiries and the intervention of the Red Cross, no trace was found of Capt. Jeronimo, dead or alive.

The Angolans knew the date when Capt. Jeronimo went missing and they also knew that he was a tank commander and where he was last seen, Xangongo.

After months of exhaustive investigation, the PVO came to the conclusion that he had not been a POW.


Eventually we tracked down the man who had shot out the only tank to be shot out alongside the Kunene River near Xangongo on that particular day.

The Soviet T34 had been shot out by a Ratel with a HEAT round. The T34 driver and gunner had managed to exit the tank, but died alongside it. The tank commander who took the full force of the HEAT round was killed in the turret.

The tank was driven away by a SADF tanker as a captured weapon with the body of the commander still in the turret.

On interviewing the tanker, he told of extracting the body from the turret the next morning and burying it where the tank had laid up overnight, somewhere in the trackless bush of Angola.

This series of events explained why the body was never found and the captured T43 had been taken back to Pretoria and is now on display at the Army College.

The Angolans are very happy to have an answer to their mystery and are very well disposed to help with the Skillie Project.

Expedition Date

We would very much like to Bring Skillie Home in May next year. It will have been exactly forty years since he went missing and his widow, Rachel Human is in poor health and would really like to get closure as soon as possible. May is the time when the rains stop in Angola, so it is the ideal time to launch the expedition.

This means that we need to get the balance of R230 000 between now and then so as to enable us to bring Skillie home and inter his remains at the Voortrekker Monument among all the other soldiers who lost their lives during the bush war.

Mike McWilliams


Parabat Veterans Organization


082 604 5334

Please don’t hesitate to contact me if you would like to see the GPS location of the grave, the historian’s affidavit or the pictures of the grave site.

The audited non profit fund account to help this happen is:
Parabat Veterans Organisation NPC,

Nedbank Account Number 1131959035

Branch 114145

with your Surname and “Skillie” as identification.

Lets Bring Skillie Home![/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]